When the Arkansas flag was adopted in 1913 it had three stars in the center, representing the countries to which it belonged before statehood. In 1923, a fourth star was added to symbolize that Arkansas had been part of the Confederate States of America.
Florida State flag1985 to Present
From 1868 to 1900, Florida’s flag was the state seal on a white background. Governor Fleming proposed that the red cross be added. Fleming had fought as a Rebel from 1861 to 1865. The stated reason was so it didn’t look like a surrender flag, but documents show it was inspired by the Confederate Battle Flag. There was a similar flag with a slightly different seal from 1900 to 1985. The current flag was adopted in 1985.
Alabama’s flag is even simpler. Alabama’s current flag was adopted in 1895. The legislation introduced by Representative John W. A. Sanford Jr. stipulates that “[t]he flag of the state of Alabama shall be a crimson cross of St. Andrew on a field of white. It was also intended to be square, like the ones used by the Army of Northern Virginia. The Alabama State Archives has a color drawing of it, part of the papers of Governor William Oates (governor from 1894 – 1896). Oates led the Confederate charge on Little Round Top at Gettysburg.
At the same time North Carolina seceded, it adopted its own flag, which you can see here. This continued to be the state flag of North Carolina until it was changed to a design submitted by a former Rebel soldier. Here is the flag today.
It became controversial and was ultimately changed in 2003. It is now the 13-Star Confederate First National flag, with the addition of the Georgia state seal and the words, “IN GOD WE TRUST.”
When Mississippi seceded in 1861 it briefly used the Bonnie Blue. But it quickly adopted the “Magnolia Flag” as it was not officially part of the confederate states. The beloved “Magnolia Flag” reflects a rich tradition and heritage, and uses emblems that are older and more authentic than those of the current flag.
Mississippi Republic "Magnolia Flag"
Like North Carolina, Mississippi used their Confederate flag for years after the war until 1894 when it adopted the flag below. While it was repealed in 1906 it continued in use. In 2003 voters once again made it the official flag of Mississippi.
Union General Garrard’s cavalry had occupied Roswell, Georgia.
The tiny town had two cotton mills that manufactured sheets, canvas and rope. But they also made grey-colored cloth used for Confederate uniforms.
The men off to war, women and young girls were doing the mill work.
A Frenchman had temporary ownership of one of the mills. He hoped that flying a French flag over it might save the mill. It was not to be: Garrard ordered the mills burned.
Garrard reported what he had found to General Sherman, who wanted revenge on the Frenchman for raising the flag. Sherman wrote to Garrard:
“Should you, under the impulse of anger, hang the wretch, I approve the act beforehand.”
Sherman also ordered Garrard to “arrest all people, male and female, connected with those factories, no matter what the clamor… I will send them to the North… The poor women will make a howl. Let them take along their children and clothing, providing they have the means of hauling, or you can spare them.”
Sherman said the women were “tainted with treason” and “are as much governed by the rules of war as if in the ranks.”
Hundreds of women and children were loaded into boxcars and sent north, where the women struggled on their own to live. Not all of them survived the war.
Only a few were able to make their way back home after the war. Husbands returned to find their wives gone with no way to trace them.
Adeline was heavy with child when she was exiled. But there is a happy ending to her story. It took her five years but she and her child Mary made their way back after the war, mostly on foot.
The outrage was reported in several northern newspapers, but Sherman just went on and burned his way to the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1998, a group of the Sons of the Confederate Veterans did a project to identify the Roswell women and their descendants. Most were identified, and many of the descendants were located, mostly in the North.
The City of Roswell erected a monument to the women, shown here.
Judge Carlos Moore, a Mississippi municipal judge, removed the old state flag from his courtroom on his first day because of the confederate emblem displayed on it. Judge Moore did this in defiance of multiple death threats. A new Stennis flag, without the emblem, has taken it’s place. Judge Moore unsuccessfully has tried to sue the state in the past regarding the confederate symbols on the traditional flag.
Moore received threats when on his first day as a judge in 2017, Moore ordered the removal of the Mississippi state flag from his courtroom.
“I’m taking a stand. I don’t care about death threats or any of that sort of thing,” Moore said.
Debates about removing confederate monuments are increasing nationally, and the debate has now extended to the University of Tampa, community, where discussions have continued. Tampa Bay has been removing several such Confederate statues and monuments, and there still has not been a consensus between both sides. Some believe that heritage is important and to remove the monuments would be an erasure of history, while others believe they are testaments to a history of hatred and bigotry.
The Walton County citizens have been battling over whether or not the confederate flag at the County Courthouse should be allowed to stay or if it should be removed. Many citizen think it’s a racist symbol of prejudice, while others see it as a symbol of historical pride. This issue will be voted over so that citizens have a voice in what ends up happening to the flag.
The civil war was a time of slavery, a time that must be remembered, but also a time that is a stain on the history of the United States of America. It is important that we remember the awful events that happened during this time, so as to not repeat these events. However, I think that the Mississippi flag is not a respectful remembrance of slavery, but rather as a honorary symbol of some evil. For that reason, I think that the Mississippi state flag should be changed to remove the rebel symbol.
Although the Confederate flag has been the symbol of slavery and racism for hundreds of years in the South, some people in the North are trying to use it as a symbol of patriotism. One former mayor states that it’s his identification of the shared struggles of white people and the dedication to this nation. It is an issue of great debate at the present time, as there has been a lot of discussion on what to do with statues commemorating this time frame.
Opinions on the Confederate flag are as conflicted as the Civil War conflict itself.
The Confederate flag: Pride and Patriotism, Rebellion and Racism, or both?
The northern battle for a southern symbol
“In the more than 150 years since it was adopted by the Confederacy, the battle flag has been redefined numerous times by the people who display it – at times worn as a symbol of youthful rebellion and at others wielded as a show of racial hatred.”
There is a Chapel Hill highway that is not paying any more attention to a Confederate leader. That leader is Jefferson Davis.There is a still a marker for that person on Franklin Street. The Orange County government no longer honors this sign. The county cannot take the plaque down, but they can find out who owns it and ask them to take it down.